Located in Bikaner, Rajasthan the Junagarh Fort is one of the most important tourist destinations in Rajasthan, Bikaner fort is not built at the height of the mountain like other Rajasthan fort. The present Bikaner city has developed around the fort.
The Junagarh fort Bikaner is famous for monument fort, history, architecture, culture, photography.
Junagarh Fort Bikaner Rajasthan India
Junagarh Fort is actually known as Chintamani Fort and Bikaner Fort and was renamed Junagadh in the early 20th century as the family residing in the fort shifted to Lalgarh Palace in the 20th century.
The Junagarh fort was constructed under the supervision of Prime Minister Karan Chand of Bikaner ruler Raja Rai Singh, Raja Rai Singh ruled Bikaner between 1571 and 1611 AD.
History of Junagarh Fort in Bikaner Rajasthan
The construction of the Junagarh fort walls and moat began in 1589 and was completed in 1594. They have been built outside the original fort of the city, these walls and trenches were constructed at a distance of 1.5 km from the city center. The remaining part of the Junagadh Fort is built around the Lakshmi Narayan Temple.
According to historical documents, Junagarh Fort was attacked many times by enemies, but no one could ever get it, only Kamran Mirza kept it under his control for a day.
5.28 A palace, temple, and theater are built in the complex of the fort of Acker. These buildings reflect the mixed architectural art of the time. Kamran was the second son of the Mughal emperor Babur who invaded Bikaner in 1534, and after this Bikaner was ruled by Rao Jit Singh.
The ancient city of Junagadh is named after an old fort. It is located near Girnar mountain. The sites of the pre-Harappan period have been excavated here. The city was built in the ninth century.
It was the capital of the Chudasama Rajputs. It was a princely state. On the way to Girnar is dark basalt rock, inscribed representing three dynasties.
The Mauryan rulers Ashoka (circa 260–238 BCE) Rudradaman (150 AD) and Skandagupta (circa 455–467). There is also a stupa with caves made by Buddhists during 100–700 AD. Several temples and mosques located near the city reveal its long and complex history.
Here in the third century BC Buddhist caves, Emperor Ashoka’s mandate engraved on stone, and Jain temples are located somewhere on the peaks of Girnar mountain. Junagadh, the fortress of Rajputs until the 15th century was captured in 1472 by Mahmud Begha of Gujarat, who named it Mustafabad and built a mosque here, which is now in ruins.
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